May 11, 2021
California, Connecticut, Delaware, Federal, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, Virginia, Virginia, Washington DC, Wisconsin
The Retail Energy Supply Association (RESA) advocates for consumers to have the power of choice when it comes to selecting their energy provider. Consumer education is important, as customers need to understand their available options so they can pick a plan that works best for their budget and energy usage.
Description: A retail electric provider (REP) offers a specific rate for electricity that will not change during the contract term (e.g. a term can be 12-months). This is the most common type of electric product offered.
Customer benefit: A fixed-rate product provides consistent costs per kilowatt-hour (kWh) for customers electric rates. As a result, bills will fluctuate based on actual electric usage.
Description: A variable rate per kWh can vary month-to-month based on market demand.
Customer benefit: Variable-rate products may provide lower prices and shorter-term contracts or no term commitments. This may be helpful for customers at the end of an apartment lease or want additional time to shop.
Description: The customer enters into an agreement with a REP to pay for electricity at a price that is designed to fluctuate based on a formula from publicly available indices, like natural gas costs or wholesale power prices.
Customer effect: Customers may see very low prices when the product design’s inputs are low. However, customers also bear significantly more risk, particularly under wholesale indexed-rate products.
It’s important to understand the difference between variable-rate products and indexed-rate products. Indexed products are tied to the wholesale power market, which may offer extremely low prices at times, but also expose customers to massive price fluctuations.
For more information about the energy choices in your state, please visit: https://www.resausa.org/states